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Papers related to:  Africa

Africa Tourism Monitor

Nyarko, Y. (edited by). (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018). Africa Tourism Monitor. Published by the African Development Bank.

The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) is delighted to present the 5th edition of Africa Tourism Monitor, which highlights travel and tourism as one of the fastest-growing and most interconnected sectors in the global economy.

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The State of Tourism in Africa

Nyarko, Y. (co-producer). (2011). The State of Tourism in Africa. Joint with the World Bank and the Africa Travel Association.

This second issue of The State of Tourism in Africa continues to tell the story of how tourism not only drives economic growth and development, but also contributes to economic recovery.

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GreenApps: A Platform for Cellular Edge Applications

Ahmad, T., Reed-Sanchez, E., Zarinni, F., Afutu, A., Adjaho, K., Nyarko, Y., & Subramanian, L. (2018, June). GreenApps: A Platform For Cellular Edge Applications. In Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, (p. 45). ACM.

This paper presents the design, implementation and deployment of GreenApps, a ground-up platform that enables off-grid, near off-line and highly available cellular applications in rural contexts. The GreenApps platform has been deployed in two rural regions in Kumawu, Ghana and Pearl Lagoon, Nicaragua and supports different community-centric applications.

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Preparing for Ebola Virus Disease in West African Countries Not Yet Affected: Perspectives from Ghanaian Health Professionals

Nyarko, Y., Goldfrank, L., Ogedegbe, G., Soghoian, S., & Aikins, A. D. G. (2015). Preparing for Ebola Virus Disease in West African Countries Not Yet Affected: Perspectives from Ghanaian Health Professionals. Globalization and Health, 11(1), 7.

The current Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic has ravaged the social fabric of three West African countries and affected people worldwide.

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Mobility, Human Capital, Remittances, and Economic Transformation

Nyarko, Y. “Mobility, Human Capital, Remittances, and Economic Transformation.” The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Volume 2: Policies and Practices., edited by Justin Lin et al., Oxford University Press, 480-493, 2015.

Migration and its related remittances is now an important feature of many economies, both the source countries and many destination countries.

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Actors of Change in Africa: Human Capital and Markets

Nyarko, Y. “Actors of Change in Africa: Human Capital and Markets.” Africa at a Fork in the Road: Taking Off or Disappointment Once Again?, edited by Ernesto Zedillo et al., Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, 355–363, 2015.

In this paper I will be presenting two ideas that I think are critical to economic development. The two ideas are markets and human capital.

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The Economic Development Benefits of Human Mobility to Source Countries

Nyarko, Y. (2013). The Economic Development Benefits of Human Mobility to Source Countries. Labor Mobility, an Enabler for Sustainable Development. Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR) Conference, 49-67.

Labor mobility is particularly significant in the case of the GCC; the region is host to around 15 million expatriate workers who generate US $80 billion in annual remittances each year and support and estimate 150 million dependents in their various home countries.

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The Brain Drain in Africa

Nyarko, Y. “The Brain Drain in Africa.” Oxford Companion to Economics in Africa, edited by Ernesto Aryeetey et al., Oxford University Press, 2012.

Increased attention has recently been paid to the phenomenon of the brain drain of skilled (and often unskilled) Africans from their home countries to countries in the West. In part this is because of the relatively large percentages of skilled Africans going abroad…

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The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some computations using data from Ghana

Nyarko, Y. (2011). The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some computations using data from Ghana (No. w16813). National Bureau of Economic Research.

We look at the decision of the government or “central planner” in the allocation of scarce governmental resources for tertiary education, as well as that for the individual. We provide estimates of the net present values, or cost and benefits.

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Review of African Household Survey Data on Social Safety-Nets and the Role of Education, Remittances and Migration

Nyarko, Y., Gyimah-Brempong, K., & Peter-Hellwig, K. (2010). Review of African Household Survey Data on Social Safety-Nets and the Role of Education, Remittances and Migration. European Report on Development.

The question of the social protection of the poor and social safety-nets in Africa has recently received attention from the European Union, United Nations agencies, as well as in many academic papers and conferences.

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EU Policies and African Human Capital Development

Nyarko, Y. (2010). EU Policies and African Human Capital Development. European Report on Development.

Brain Circulation between the European Union (EU) and Sub-Saharan Africa is a crucial ingredient in Human Capitol formation in the latter. A major constraint to African development is the very low base of skilled and highly educated workers and professionals.

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Is the Brain Drain Good for Africa?

Nyarko, Y., & Easterly, W. “Is the Brain Drain Good for Africa?” Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies., edited by Bhagwati et al., Oxford University Press, 2009.

We build upon recent literature to do several exercises to assess benefits and costs of the brain drain to Africa. Contrary to a lot of the worries expressed in the media and in aid agencies, the brain drain is probably a net benefit to the source countries…

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